Here at Jaguar we’ve been innovating for over 80 years, but with our return to motorsport in FIA Formula E and the reveal of
I-PACEConcept we have a unique opportunity to look to the future of Electric Vehicles including motor and battery technology.
- I-PACE Concept's distinctive look with aerodynamic bonnet scoop
- I-PACE Concept launches you from 0-60mph in around 4 seconds
Ian Callum, Director of Design, said: “The I-PACE Concept represents the next generation of electric vehicle design. It’s a dramatic, future-facing cab-forward design with a beautiful interior – the product of authentic Jaguar DNA, electric technology and contemporary craftsmanship.”
I-PACE Concept will be our first all-electric car, but what does that mean? How many different types of electric cars are there? What are the pros and cons of electric vehicles? And how can electric cars fit into your lifestyle?
The first thing to understand is the many different types of electric vehicles available. Here is how a few of them differ:
Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
You may have heard the term Hybrid before, and it’s possibly the most well-known of the three. A Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) combines a traditional combustion engine with an electric motor. The electric-only range is very small as the battery is charged by the engine and regenerative braking.
Combined engine and electric motor. The Battery is charged by the engine and regenerative braking.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)
A PHEV combines a combustion engine and an electric motor once again. You may wonder, why opt for a PHEV instead of a conventional hybrid? Well, unlike conventional hybrids, PHEVs can substitute electricity from the grid for petrol or diesel. But the main difference is that a PHEV can be charged from an external source of electricity, typically with a much larger battery than a HEV, allowing a greater electric range.
By having traditional engines as well as electric motors and battery packs HEV and PHEVs tend to be heavier than conventional petrol and diesel vehicles. They are not as efficient as Battery Electric Vehicles. However having both traditional ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) and electric motors with batteries they offer great flexibility.
Combined engine and electric motor. The battery can also be charged from an external source.
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
Powered solely by a battery charged from an external electricity supply and additionally by regenerative braking. With no combustion engine, BEVs are sometimes known as ‘Pure Electric’. Recent investment and advances in battery technology mean the next generation of EVs, such as I‑PACE Concept, will deliver a thrilling new driving experience.
Modern, premium battery electric vehicles, including I‑PACE Concept can have a range of over 500km (310 miles)*. So range won’t be an issue for most drivers, especially with a growing public infrastructure of charging points.
No conventional engine. Electric drive only.
How do you charge an electric vehicle (EV)?
Electric vehicles can be charged in a number of ways and come with a domestic power supply charger; this enables you to charge your vehicle at home, in the garage, or on the driveway using a domestic plug. This is Alternating Current (AC) and, although convenient, it is considered a fairly slow rate of charging. It’s recommended to use an upgraded socket or better still, install a home charging wall box. Charging times will depend on your country but typically I-PACE Concept will achieve a full charge overnight allowing a range in excess of 310 miles with a wall box.
Charging times can be reduced by using a Direct Current (DC charging), also known as rapid charging. This involves feeding DC electricity straight to the battery (BEVs and some PHEVs). Rapid charging is part of a growing network and is normally found at larger commercial and industrial locations. The network is ever growing, and rapid charging points are starting to become more common with locations at supermarkets and high-street parking stations. Find yours here: https://www.zap-map.com/
What’s the difference between AC and DC charging?
For many people it’s down to speed, achieving the highest percentage of charge in the shortest time. But in summary, DC charging stations require higher capacity electricity networks because of the much higher voltage and currents they supply which explains why they are located at larger commercial locations. A DC charger bypasses the on-board AC to DC converter within the vehicle and delivers the DC charge directly into the battery which is both quicker and more efficient. AC electricity is available from any power outlet; our homes and our home appliances all use AC power. Although slower to charge, a key advantage is that it can be transmitted economically over long distances and are ubiquitous.
What Is Regenerative Braking?
Regenerative braking works when braking or coasting downhill to recharge the batteries to increase the range of the vehicle. Under the right conditions it can extend the vehicle’s range by up to 10%.
Are Electric Vehicles expensive or difficult to maintain?
Compared to a traditional combustion engine a BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle) requires less maintenance, simply due to the fact that there are a fewer moving parts and fewer parts to wear out.
Jaguar will be offering an industry competitive battery warranty for the I-PACE. Designed to reflect the fact that they don’t require any day to day maintenance.
How will a Jaguar Electric Vehicle perform?
Our investment in electric vehicles is only at the beginning of its story. However our history of creating truly legendary performance is no secret. To bring electrifying Jaguar performance to our next generation of road cars, we’re competing on the track in the FIA Formula E Championship. It provides us with a real life, fast-track test bed for testing and perfecting electric car technologies.
Bringing these technologies to our exhilarating range of battery powered road cars starts with the I‑PACE Concept. I-PACE Concept combines the performance and nature of a Jaguar, launching you from 0-60mph in around 4 seconds with 700Nm of instant torque and 400PS of power, creating stunning acceleration.
*EU NEDC test cycle